Here are the 28 modes of modern jazz, starting with the 7 Greek modes. By shifting the starting note to each of the degree of the scale, we can form systems of 7 modes, sharing common structure and colours.

Further on, here is the Neapolitan system and the modes with limited transpositions:

And finally, the massive set of 72 Indian ragas, with identification or similarities with other known modes if any: More !

This is being discussed here in French.